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Munich

Munich

» An excursion in the Bavarian capital


The capital of Bavaria is the biggest city in Bavaria with about 1,35 million inhabitants and the third largest in Germany. Since the Olympic Games 1972, Munich has a well-developped public transport system. Because parking is scarce and expensive in the inner city, it is recommendable to use these means of public transport. Munich is a shopping paradise, from big department stores to small boutiques and interesting markets with food or crafts and souvenir shops - everything is offered.  The first stop is the pedestrian zone in the Neuhauser Straße / Kaufinger Straße between Marienplatz and Stachus (Karlsplatz).

The Marienplatz is the central square of Munich with the Marienstatue right in the middle and behind it the New Muncih City Hall built in neo-gothic style, of which the popular carillon sounds daily at 11 and 12 o'clock (and from March 1 - October 10 at 17 pm as well). In front of the Karlstor the Karlsplatz/Stachus , (laid in 1791) - the beginning of the pedestrian zone - is situated. Formerly, the Karlsplatz was the busiest traffic square in Europe. The fountain in the centre was built in 1972 and in the summer it  is a popular place to be for locals and tourists.  From the city fortifications from the early 14th century, only the Karlstor with 2 front towers in the west of Munich is remained, in 1900 it was newly built by Gabriel von Seidl.

The Isartor is the only almost completely preserved medieval town-gate of Munich, which released the way to the east  (and to the Isar as well).

The restored gate shows the retunr of Emperor Ludwig ("the Bavarian") after the battle of Amfing in 1322 on a fresco. Now the Valentin-Karlstadt Museum and a café are situated in the Isator. The symbol of Munich is the Frauenkirche with the two towers of 99 m high each. The foundation stone of the church was laid in 1468 and construction was completed  in 1488. The famous "Welschen Hauben" (Romanesque Tourettes) first arose in 1525. In 1944 the cathedral was seriously damaged, the hall ceiling partially collapsed and the church was looted. After the war the cathedral was renovated in stages.

Der alte Peter ("the Old Peter") offers a beautiful viewing platform of 57 high, providing you a nice view of the Marienplatz.

The "Viktualienmarkt" (food market) - a part of the Munich way of life is definitely worth a visit. Finest food of all kinds, colourful  market stalls, many gastronomical offers and the most central "beer garden" in the city: the Viktualienmarkt unites the big city life with Munich tradition and Bavarian hospitality. If you still have some time left, you should visit the Nymphenburg Castle. The baroque castle with his collection of paintings and the spacious park was the former summer residence of the Bavarian Lord and with his artistic interior and the admired beauty gallery of King Ludwig I it is one of the most popular sights of Munich.

The original park has many old trees, brooklets and lakes and different smaller park castles such as the Pagodenburg or the Magdalenenklause. At Nymphenburg you also find the interesting Marstallmuseum, the porcelain collection, the Museum of Man and Nature and right behind the castle park the Botanic Garden. We recommend art lovers to visit the Alten Pinakotek, one of the oldest and most important collections of paintings in the word with over 800 masterpieces of European artists from the Middle Ages to the end of the rococo period and in the Neuen Pinakothek with European paintings and sculptures of the 18th, 19th and 20st century as well as contemporary art and a big design department.

The perfect place to relax or to go for a walk is the English Garden. The major attractions of the English Garden are: the Chinese Tower (1789/90, leaning on a Pagoda in the Kew Gardens near London , destroyed  in 1944, (recontructed in 1951/52), the Kleinhesseloh Lake was created in 1802 (expanded in 1813) in 1837 Kind Ludwig I gave Leo von Klenze the order to build the Monopteros on an artificually created hill. From the Monopteros you have a wonderful view of the park. On the Kleinhesseloh Lake you can rent boats and both "beer gardens" invite you for a break.